Archive for the 'Juni 2010' Category

German Delegation to the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly addressing Keldibekov

To download the letter in pdf follow the link: 110706 Brief OSZE Kiljunen


Опровержение Заключению государственной комиссии по расследованию июньских межэтнических столкновений на юге Кыргызстана

Full Report (pdf) here: Oproverzhenie Zaklyucheniyu Nac.Komiccii

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A Little Bit About Education In Kyrgyzstan

Several weeks ago PISA published a new round of results about the level of education of students in a growing number of participating states. Among them is the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, known for its recent political upheavals in April and June. The results for Kyrgyzstan are less promising, receiving the lowest score out of 65 nations.

One might ask the question why this is the case. And we will be hearing that the system of education is outdated, that there is not enough funding, that new textbooks need to be printed, that teachers are either too old or not available at all, that the Soviet Union with all its ideological legacies is pressuring heavy on any attempt to progress etc.

That’s all true. Another truth is rather simple: there is actually no education 0or not much of it taking place in Kyrgyzstan. What others call education I would call the simulation of it. One must only walk into the Bishkek suburb Bakai-Ata and watch kids sitting in class rooms, without any teacher being around; and if teachers show up, they often show no effort whatsoever to educate and teach the children. They often do not have the strength left to fulfill their job. What holds true for such a school in Bakai-Ata is the same in many other schools throughout the country. Lessons are not really taking place, when – at that’s the core of the problem – teachers do not know, how to make a living out of their profession.

Since the remuneration for the profession of a teacher is simply not enough to survive in Kyrgyzstan, teachers have to think of other ways to make an income. The take second and third jobs, the go on pension and continue work at the same time (there is even a law that allows for that in Kyrgyzstan) and sometimes they try to make some income by selling grades. Does that mean that education in Kyrgyzstan is a corrupted system? Well yes and no. Most teachers don’t have much choice and the money made by selling grades is often only enough to have a good or better month; but certainly not a good life.

In my opinion such development is a huge security problem for Kyrgyzstan and the whole region of Central Asia. My impression is, for example, that the events in Osh must also be explained with the failure of an educational system that could no longer provide youngsters with the tools to find orientation in a society that grows more complex every day. Fearing the worst I was running around in Kyrgyzstan in the last months and telling everybody (my students) how much we need an increase in teachers‘ salaries. And how much we would need to fight for that. You can’t imagine how enthused I was when I heard about the first protests taking place in Dzhala-Abad with teachers demanding some 250USD for their work.

At this point, with the debate ongoing, I would like to take the opportunity to share some insights into the system of remuneration in the educational sphere in Kyrgyzstan. So far this system is based on the ‚Unified Tariff (Rating) Scale‘ which dates back to the Breshnev era as I was informed (but not sure about that). According to this scale, which consists of several remuneration categories, a graduate from university who wants to become a teacher has to start with a salary of 1176,60 som. That’s a bit less than 20 €. Per lesson such beginner receives 16,34 som, something around 30 Cent. If you end up being promoted to the highest category you can earn 1966,30 som, a bit more than 30 €, which means 27,31 som per lesson.

I friend of mine, a director of a school in Chui oblast helped me to find my way through this Unified Tariff Scale and asked his accountant to draw a scheme for teachers‘ salaries in the Kyrgyz Republic. Here are all the details for the different categories, the tariffs and the additions:

The paper tells us one bitter truth: today the Kyrgyz state does spent not even 1€ per lesson per teacher. If we want to have a socially integrated society in Central Asia, we should do everything possible to raise salaries and make sure that teachers can do what they to best: teaching. And not ending up with the simulation of education. Because the result will be the simulation of integration. And that sounds dangerous, doesn’t it?

Wahlen in Kyrgyzstan und Ihre Bedeutung

Bald sind Wahlen. Am 10. Oktober wird hier in Kyrgyzstan ein neues Parlament bestimmt. 29 Parteien treten an, die Sitze unter sich aufgeteilt zu bekommen. Chancen kann man dabei vielleicht fünf bis acht Parteien einräumen, während wohl die meisten anderen nach Ablauf der Wahl wieder in der Versenkung verschwinden werden. Vielleicht mit einigen Ausnahmen wie Aikol El, der Partei unter Führung des jungen, aber erfahrenen Politikers Edil Baisalov.

Wie sich das Koalitionsgeschacher gestalten wird, ist die spannende Frage für die Zukunft, für die Zeit danach. Dabei hat die Zeit vor den Wahlen bereits für einige Überraschungen gesorgt, die es wert sind, kurz genannt zu werden. Denn sie hauen uns so einige Gewissheiten um die Ohren, mit denen wir uns bisher gerne diesem verlorenen Flecken Erde näherten.

Da ist an erster Stelle die Pluralität der Stimmen zu nennen. In Bishkek und dem Rest des Landes wird gewahlkämpft, was das Zeug hält. Mit Tränen in den Augen schauen einige lokale Beobachter dieser gigantischen Verschwendung an Ressourcen zu, ist doch die andauernde Organisation von Stadionauftritten, Konzerten, Parteiaufmärschen, Feuerwerken (!!) und sogar Luftballonfahrten (Partei Respublika) nicht mit unerheblichen Kosten verbunden. Und doch, es beeindruckt, mit welcher Härte sich Kyrgyzstan gegenwärtig eine Lektion in Pluralität verpasst. Nicht, dass alle Stimmen was unterschiedliches zu sagen haben, im Gegenteil, häufig ist es ein und derselbe Einheitsbrei. Aber die Möglichkeit zu beobachten, dass diese vielen Stimmen auch unterschiedlichen Sprechern gehören, dass hier plötzlich Vielfalt vor die übliche Erfahrung der Einheitsrepräsentanz (Akaev, Bakiev, Ak-Zhol) geschoben wird, ist von besonderer Bedeutung. In Zukunft kann auf diese Erfahrung zurückgegriffen werden und mit dieser Form des Rückgriffs werden neuen Bedingungen für zukünftige politische Spiele geschaffen. Deswegen: schade um des vielen Geldes (umso mehr, als dass die Inhalte eben kaum Differenzen aufweisen), aber erstaunlich, wie bunt politische Repräsentation mit einem Mal aussehen kann. Weiterlesen ‚Wahlen in Kyrgyzstan und Ihre Bedeutung‘

Witnessing the Osh Events in June 1990

The following report appeared on (seems to be not accessible at the moment) and was distributed via Kel-Kel list. I post it here for its short but valuable account of the events in Osh in June 1990. So far this story has not been written (some more information here, here and here) and it remains to be seen if the recent tragedy finally motivates people to turn to the past.

To download the report (pdf) follow the link: OshEvents1990

Interim Committee – On covering the events in Southern Kyrgyzstan

[The following report I posted for its great evaluation of the problem of memory, the mishandling of the informational space by the temporary government and the stupidity, the naivety and the danger of attempts in the Kyrgyzstani Public to play Soviet-style ‚Druzhba Narodov‘ and ‚forget and forgive‘. I do not, however, sign to any final judgment regarding the ’nature‘ of the conflict.]

To download the document (pdf) please follow the link: S.Kyrgyzstan reports No1 Interim Committee ENG

Second Report (Russian Version) please find here: S Kyrgyzstan reports No 2 Interim Comitee[RUS]

Кыргызстан: призыв к проведению международного независимого и беспристрастного расследования

To download the full text (pdf) follow the link: Kyrgyzstan_eur580022010eng_ru


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